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Benefits of Carbon Neutral Technology Such as Biomass Biomass is one of the sources of energy that is carbon neutral. Biomass energy results from the conversion of animal and plant organic matter. Biomass energy production emits zero carbon to the environment, therefore, protects the atmosphere from harm than fossil fuel. To retain the volume of carbon dioxide required in the atmosphere, biomass should be produced responsibly in a way that no carbon is emitted to the air. Another advantage that comes with the use of biomass is prevention of acid rain since it provides minimal sulfur. Therefore, to stop the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, use carbon neutral sources such as biomass should be encouraged. Cofiring and gasification are the methods that are used during the conversion of biomass. Cofiring refers to the direct combustion of biomass and coal that results to production of energy. Cofiring is advantageous as compared to gasification as it reduces the amount of carbon dioxide and sulfur oxide emitted. Another method is gasification which involves the conversion of carbonaceous feedstock into energy in high-pressure conditions. Therefore the products that are obtained from the process of gasification goes through a series of steps to convert them to the user required. Minimal emission of methane which is a hydrocarbon to the atmosphere another advantage of biomass energy. The presence of methane in the atmosphere leads to global warming by destroying the ozone layer. During the decomposition of organic matter of plants and animals to produce biomass, methane is used to generate energy. Biomass production also makes use of the large volume of plant and animal wastes before it is converted to harmful carbon dioxide reducing the need for landfill sites. Biomass energy can be utilized in a wide range of areas except for the desert areas where the plants cannot quickly grow. Sectors that lack enough natural energy resources can build biomass plants for electricity.
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In comparison with solar and geothermal energy, biomass energy is more reliable. It does not rely upon on the sun or wind making it applicable to many areas. To lessen the cost of energy required for power generation, businesses can convert their biomass wastes to energy.
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The waste from the plants and animals are taken to the pellet mills to convert them to forms that can be transformed to energy. A good pallet mills should be constructed in such a way that it can handle a broad spectrum of wastes. Biomass pellet mill efficiency and productiveness is determined not only by the size of the debris particle but also the percentage moisture content in the waste product.